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What is hypogonadism?

Hypogonadism is a condition in which the testes or ovaries do not produce enough hormones.

In both men and women, hypogonadism can be a primary disease. Due to a malfunction of the testicles or ovaries, or central, it is due to a malfunction of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. Correcting this problem appropriately is essential to avoid complications such as infertility and impotence, osteoporosis, and weakness in men. Fortunately, in many cases, it is a condition that responds well to treatment.

What are the causes of hypogonadism?

Some autoimmune pathologies can cause primary hypogonadism, genetic diseases (such as Turner syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome), developmental infections, liver or kidney disorders, radiation exposure, or surgery. Central hypogonadism,  can be caused by bleeding, certain drugs (including steroids and opiates), genetic problems (such as Kallmann’s syndrome, a disorder that causes men to lose their sense of smell), infections, nutritional deficiencies, excess iron, radiation therapies. Rapid weight loss (associated with anorexia nervosa), surgery, trauma or tumors (such as craniopharyngioma in children and prolactinoma in adults).

A widespread cause in the male is late-onset adult hypogonadism , the gradual reduction of testosterone levels starting from the age of 40 (unlike the woman who has a sudden block of ovarian function around the age of 50). This new form of hypogonadism, which generally manifests itself with symptoms that often overlap with aging and sexual disorders, becomes even more frequent if chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular problems. If not properly diagnosed and treated, adult hypogonadism reduces longevity and quality of life. Doctor uses Medicine like for this treatment.

What are the symptoms of hypogonadism?

In girls, hypogonadism is associated with the absence of menstruation and, in some cases, problems with breast development and height. During puberty, it can also be accompanied by hot flashes, hair loss, and low libido. In boys, on the other hand, hypogonadism can increase chest volume, reduce beard and hair, lead to muscle loss and cause sexual problems. In addition, headaches and loss of vision, milky discharge from the nipples, and symptoms of other hormonal deficiencies (such as hyperthyroidism) can be added to these symptoms in the case of brain tumors.

How to prevent hypogonadism?

The forms of hypogonadism caused by anorexia nervosa can be prevented by maintaining healthy eating habits. In particular, for adult hypogonadism, the best prevention is a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition and moderate aerobic physical activity.